The IF function in VBA works in a slightly different manner from how it works in Excel. The above code would save and close all the workbooks (except the active one). In the status column, we need the result as follows. Sub IF_And_ElseIF() Dim x As Integer Dim y As Integer x = VBA.InputBox("Please enter the value to x") y = VBA.InputBox("Please enter the value to y") If x > y Then MsgBox "x is greater than y" ElseIf y > x Then MsgBox "y is greater than x" Else … This is the advanced example of Nested IF with Loop. Let’s take the same example of using a student’s score. Building a VBA If Else statement is quite similar to building a nested if formula IF Statement Between Two Numbers Download this free template for an IF statement between two numbers in Excel. Note that the Else part of this statement is optional. In the above code, we have used multiple IF statements (nested IF Then) with the help of Else. Now theoretical explanation is enough, even if you did not understand anything nothing to worry. In case you want to quickly hide all the worksheets except the active one, you can use the below code: The above code uses the For Each loop to go through a collection of worksheets. But when the IF condition is FALSE, the code jumps to the Else part and executes the code block in it. If the student scores less than 35, the message to display is ‘Fail’, if the score is more than or equal to 35, the message to display is ‘Pass’, and if the score is more than 80, the message to display is ‘Pass, with Distinction’. So there is an ‘IF Then Else’ construct within an ‘IF Then Else’ construct. When you split the IF statement into multiple lines, you need to tell VBA where the IF Then construct ends. Else. ELSE IF statement requires the result code in the same line not in the next line and also requires THEN statement to go to the next statement. Actually, there will be one more argument if the conditions to test are more than one condition and that part is called as ELSE IF statement. Excel has a VBA backend called the VB editor. So instead of using = "Y", you'd better check with "y" as well, or compare LCase(Range("P8")) with "y". Then run this code using F5 key or manually as shown in the screenshot. I want the blinking in a specific range, say A1:A10, upon satisfying a condition (without the button), say if >=5. However, when you have multiple dependent conditions, you can use the AND or OR statement with the IF conditions. Place a command button on your worksheet and add the following code lines: In Excel, the IF function does two things : It checks whether the given condition evaluates to TRUE or FALSE and then returns a value to use based on the evaluation i.e IF( condition, return_value_if_condition_true, return_value_if_condition_false ). It can be used as a VBA function (VBA) in Excel. Now if you’re wondering what’s the difference between the two syntaxes, let me clarify. The optional Else clause, if included, lets you execute one or more statements if the condition you’re testing is not true. In the practical example, you will catch the logic. If Sheet1.Range("A1").Value > 5 Then Debug.Print "Value is greater than five." It uses the For Next loop to go through the collection of all the open workbooks and checks the name using the IF condition. The following example shows the single-line syntax, omitting the Else keyword. The above code uses the For Each loop and checks each cell in the selection that you have made. This has been a guide to VBA Else If Statement. Beispiel für mehrzeilige SyntaxMultiline syntax example 2. Then run this code using F5 key or manually as shown in the screenshot to see results. IF is one of the most popular and frequently used statements in VBA.IF statement in VBA is sometimes also called as IF THEN ELSE Statement. If Then Else Verzweigungen in VBA nutzen und mit For Next Schleife kombinieren. Note that when we use a single line of IF Then statement, we don’t need to use End IF. If so, setting Range B2 equal to “Positive”. The above code uses the IF as well as the ELSE statement to execute two different conditions. Members of the Webinar Archives can access the webinar … This is like our nested IF condition in our worksheet calculations. If/Else Then Do Nothing in Excel VBA Oct 30, 2020 by Mahmoud Mostafa in Loops. Below is the syntax of using AND/OR condition with the IF Then statement. And in the next line write the code for False value. You May Also Like the Following Excel Tutorials: I tried using the below vba code in an excel sheet. With OR, even if one of the conditions are true, it will execute the true_code. Running statements if a condition is True. IF OR are not a single statement these are two logical functions which are used to together some times in VBA, we use these two logical functions together when we have more than one criteria to check with and if any one of the criteria is fulfilled we get the true result, when we use the if statement Or statement is used between the two criteria’s of If statement. The operator <> is nothing but not equal to an IF statement. In all the examples above, we have used the conditions that check whether a value equal to a specified value or not. Ÿä¸€ä¸ªæˆ–多个由布尔表达式组成的elseif语句,然后是一个默认的else语句,当所有条件变为false时执行else语句块。 语法以下是VBScri In this article, I will cover complete VBA IF condition. Try and tell if this worked or not. But before I get into the specifics, let me give you the syntax of the ‘IF Then Else’ statement. There is no IF Else statement in worksheet and it can be only used in the VBA code, while working in VBA we can provide a condition which is the If condition statement and if it is fulfilled a certain set of instructions then it is executed and if the condition fails the instruction then else statement is executed.. VBA is not different when it … Suppose this time, instead of just displaying the message Pass/Fail, we have one more condition. Wondering where the VBA code goes in your Excel workbook? The above code (that we saw in the previous section) can be further optimized by using the ElseIf statement. But in VBA we need to use the word ELSE IF to test more than one condition.For example, in cell A2 if the value is more than 200 we need the result as “More than 200” in cell B1.If the value is more than 100 we need the result as “More than 100” in cell B2.If the value is less than 100 we need the result as “Less than 100” in cell B2.Step 1: After the TRUE value is pa… You can also use similar codes when checking when the value is not equal to a specified value in the VBA code. However, in the second syntax, the true_code part is in the second line. In the current code after the True value is supplied in the next line type word Else. Excel VBA - Die wichtigsten Befehle Folge 13. We can use the below code to get this done: Sub CheckScore () If Range ("A1").Value < 35 Then MsgBox "Fail" Else If Range ("A1").Value < 80 Then MsgBox "Pass" Else MsgBox "Pass, with Distinction" End If End If End Sub. Let’s understand how to use VBA Else If Statement with some examples. When we want to test more than one condition we need to use more IF statements inside the IF condition. In case you don’t use End IF when required, VBA will show you an error – “Block IF without END IF”. ©TrumpExcel.com – Free Online Excel Training, FREE EXCEL TIPS EBOOK - Click here to get your copy, Examples of Using IF Then Statement in VBA, Nested IF Then (Multiple IF Then statements), Example 1 – Save and Close All Workbooks Except The Active Workbook, Example 2 – Highlight Cells with Negative Values, Example 3 – Hide All the Worksheet Except the Current Worksheet, Example 4 – Extract the Numeric Part from an Alphanumeric String, Working with Cells and Ranges in Excel VBA, Creating a Custom Function in Excel Using VBA, Excel VBA Events – An Easy (and Complete) Guide. Only when all the conditions are false, it executes the false_code. Below is the generic syntax of If Then Else construct in VBA. When we don’t want to do anything in an If-then-else statement, believe it or not, we can simply not place any code! You can use the OR operator with the VBA IF statement to test multiple conditions. If you have a lot of workbooks open and you quickly want to close all, except the active workbook, you can use the below code. We can use the below code to get this done: You can use multiple IF Then statement as shown above. The code will return nothing because the value is less than 100 and we have not supplied any result if the test is FALSE, this we will see in the next example. Here we discussed VBA Else If and how to use Excel VBA Else If along with some practical examples and downloadable excel template. If you don’t see the Project Explorer go to the View tab and click on Project Explorer. Personally, I prefer the first one as it has a logical flow of checking the scores (but that’s just me). So far we have used a single IF Then statement. Not equal to represented by <> the Excel VBA. Both the above VBA codes will give you the same result. excel-vba documentation: The If statement. how to modify this code, can anyone help? Assume you have a value in the cell A2 and you want to check whether the number is greater than 100 or not. In the above example, I have written a condition by using the isnumeric function in VBA which is the same as the worksheet’s isnumber function to check whether the value in a cell is a number or not. In case you have multiple conditions to check, you can use: Let me show you how these differ and how to use this in Excel VBA. Ejemplos de If en VBA. So even if the first IF statement is correct, the second would still be evaluated. By closing this banner, scrolling this page, clicking a link or continuing to browse otherwise, you agree to our Privacy Policy, Special Offer - All in One Excel VBA Bundle (120+ Courses, 500+ hours of Videos) Learn More, You can download this VBA Else If Excel Template here –Â, If the sales value is more than 7000 then the result should be “Excellent”, If the sales value is more than 6500 then the result should be “Very Good”, If the sales value is more than 6000 then the result should be “Good”, If the sales value more than 4000 then the result should be “Not Bad”, If all the results are FALSE then the result should be “Bad”. If the value is more than 100 we need the result as “More than 100” in cell B2. If value in cell A1 is greater than value in cell A2 We have seen how single IF with TRUE condition works. This type of nesting allows you to check for multiple conditions and run the relevant block of code. The following code shows a simple example of using the VBA If statement. If the student scores less than 35, the message to display is ‘Fail’, if the score is more than or equal to 35, the message to display is ‘Pass’. In this article, we will see more of ELSE IF condition in the practical world. Following is the general syntax of using If, Elseif and Else VBA statement. Valuation, Hadoop, Excel, Mobile Apps, Web Development & many more. Our IF Statement only executes when MyNumber has a value of 10, making the condition TRUE. VBA If Else statements. You can also write this same code with a slight change (using OR instead of AND). Valuation, Hadoop, Excel, Mobile Apps, Web Development & many more, This website or its third-party tools use cookies, which are necessary to its functioning and required to achieve the purposes illustrated in the cookie policy. Let’s look at a simple example: 1. Below code will perform the required task. You’ll probably use this command on a daily basis. If the value is greater than 100 the result would be “More than 100” in cell B2. Then we can see the result in cell B2. End If End Sub. VBA 에서 작업을 분기하는 방법 중 하나가 IF 문을 사용하는 것입니다.IF 문은 조건이 True 혹은 False 냐에 따라 명령문을 사용할 수 있도록 만들어진 구조입니다.IF 의 조건문에 들어가는 문장은 비교 연산자나 논리 연산자를 사용해서 값, 변수 등을 비교해 True/False 를 리턴하게 됩니다. Else Statement. ElseIf Sheet1.Range("A1").Value 5 Then Debug.Print "value is less than five." This will insert a module object for your workbook. If I need to grade students, I can easily do that using Excel functions. Use the If-Then structure when you want to execute one or more statements conditionally. But in VBA we need to use the word ELSE IF to test more than one condition. When you use it, it allows you to test two or more conditions simultaneously and returns true if any of those conditions are true.But if all the conditions are false only then it returns false in the result. The important thing to know here is that in the above construct, all the IF statements are evaluated and the ones where the condition is true, the code is executed. Multiples True in ElseIf. Excel VBA - If Else StatementWatch More Videos at: https://www.tutorialspoint.com/videotutorials/index.htmLecture By: Mr. Pavan Lalwani Tutorials Point … To run only one statement when a condition is True, use the single-line syntax of the If...Then...Else statement. Beispiel für eine Beispiel SyntaxNested syntax example 3. Here’s a simple CheckUser […] Here is what we’re trying to do – If the student scores less than 35, the message to display is ‘Fail’, if the score is more than or equal to 35, the message to display is ‘Pass’, and if the score is more than 80, the message to display is ‘Pass, with Distinction’. Here we are checking two conditions with nested If Else function:. Structure of VBA If statements . To give you an idea of how the IF-THEN statement works in VBA, let me start with some basic examples (some practical and more useful examples are covered later in this tutorial). Suppose you have a student’s score in cell A1 and you want to check whether the student passed the exam or not (passing marks threshold being 35). You can also go through our other suggested articles –, All in One Software Development Bundle (600+ Courses, 50+ projects). There are three patterns that can be used when implementing an If statement, which are described below. Now in the next line supply the final result of the test with ELSE statement. The above code has a single line of IF statement that checks the value in cell A1. In the Project Explorer pane in the VB Editor, right-click on any object for the workbook in which you want to insert the code. Even if one of the conditions is false, it will execute the false_code. Suppose you have the scores for two subjects instead of one, and you want to check for the following conditions: The above code uses both OR and AND statements. Step 1: After the TRUE value is passed enter the word ELSE IF in the next line. x > 2.. So let’s have a look at some useful and practical examples that can help you automate some stuff and be more efficient. Assume you have a sales table with 12 months data. however, this code functions through a button and for a single cell. In the above code, we have used multiple IF statements (nested IF Then) with the help of Else. Useful Excel Macro Examples for VBA Beginners (Ready-to-use). La sintaxis es como sigue: If condición Then [Instrucciones a ejecutar] [ ElseIf condición2 Then ] For example, in cell A2 if the value is more than 200 we need the result as “More than 200” in cell B1. Sub FixDate () myDate = #2/13/95# If myDate < Now Then myDate = Now End Sub. This will open the VB editor in the backend. It checks the name of each worksheet and hides it if it’s not the active worksheet. Então, suponha que você tenha a nota de um aluno na célula A2 e deseja verificar através de um código VBA se esse aluno deverá ou não ser aprovado. VBA If Statements allow you to test if expressions are TRUE or FALSE, running different code based on the results. The task of the IF Statement is to check if a particular condition is met or not. VBA Else If allows you to analyze a condition, and perform an action accordingly. IF condition checks if the supplied condition is TRUE or FALSE, if the condition is TRUE it will return the assigned value of Value if True and return Value IF False if the result is FALSE. In this tutorial, I’ll show you different ways the ‘If Then Else’ construct can be used in Excel VBA, and some practical examples in action. Click on Visual Basic option. VBA - If Elseif - Else statement - An If statement followed by one or more ElseIf statements that consists of boolean expressions and then followed by … Dim xCell As Range Dim xTime As Variant On Error Resume Next Set xCell = Range(“Sheet2!A1”) On Error Resume Next, If xCell.Font.Color = vbRed Then xCell.Font.Color = vbWhite Else xCell.Font.Color = vbRed End If xTime = Now + TimeSerial(0, 0, 1) Application.OnTime xTime, “‘” & ThisWorkbook.Name & “‘!StartBlink”, , True End Sub. Beispiel für einzeilige SyntaxSingle-line syntax example In order to perform this test, we need the below code which is a combination of IF with ELSE IF and LOOP. Else Statement looks like this: If Condition_To_Test Then. ELSE IF will come into picture value if the condition is FALSE then we need to test more condition with ELSE IF condition. If Range("a2").Value > 0 Then Range("b2").Value = "Positive". If you have followed my earlier posts, then you would remember that we discussed If Function in Excel.The IF Function in Excel and the IF Statement in VBA … The above code uses ElseIf, which allows us to keep all the conditions within one single IF Then statement. If the value is greater than 100 then we need the value in cell B2 as “More than 100”. So far, we have been going through some examples that are good to understand how the ‘IF-THEN’ statements work in VBA, however, are not useful in the practical world. Result when you click the command button on the sheet: Note: if score is less than 60, Excel VBA places the value of the empty variable result into cell B1. Referring to the Excel table above we are comparing values in cell A1 and A2. How to Use Excel VBA InStr Function (with practical EXAMPLES). If the END IF statement is not enclosed then we will get the below error. The logic of IF condition in regular excel formula & VBA formula is the same. When the score is more than (or equal to) 35, the IF condition is true, and the code right below it gets executed (everything before the Else statement). If the value is less than 100 the result would be “Less than 100”. Macros, Vba en Excel y muchos ejemplos de nuestro Curso de Excel Avanzado. Now, if I ask you to do this manually, you will check each student’s grade and if it’s an A, you’ll highlight it, and if it isn’t, then you’ll leave it as is. If it’s more than 35, it shows the message – “Pass”. Exemplos de uso de IF Then Else no VBA Para que você possa começar a compreender o conceito de IF Then Else no VBA, vamos usar alguns exemplos simples e práticos. Example. Else Debug.Print "value is equal to five." Now let’s see how AND and OR statement work with the IF Then Else construct. Then run this code using F5 key or manually as shown in the screenshot. Hence you need to use the End IF statement. Step 3: Then run this code using F5 key or manually as shown in the screenshot to see results. The If control statement allows different code to be executed depending upon the evaluation of a conditional (Boolean) statement. Now we will see how to work if the supplied condition is FALSE. Try replacing your 4th code line i.eSet xCell = Range(“Sheet2!A1”) with Set xCell = Range(“A1:A10) for a range as asked above. But when we split it into more than one line, we need to use the End If statement. Excel Personal Macro Workbook | Save & Use Macros in All Workbooks. While this works, it’s not an example of good coding (as you will see the alternatives below). Like worksheet function, we can also use AND & OR statement within IF statement. This tests if the value in Range A2 is greater than 0. A small heads up: note that while Excel formulas generally treat "Y" and "y" as identical texts, in VBA that's not always the case. Also see the VBA help on "option compare" for this, or the VBA function StrComp. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. In our code from the previous lesson, nothing happened because we set MyNumber to a value of 11. In the above code, only when both Condition1 and Condition2 are met, the true_code is executed. In this tutorial, we show you step-by-step how to calculate IF with AND statement. If the value is less than 100 we need the result as “Less than 100” in cell B2. Copy and paste the code in the module window. End If. When using ElseIf it is possible that multiple conditions result in True.In this case only the first, in order of execution (from top to bottom) will be executed, and the others will not. Conditional Statements in Excel VBA - If...Then...Else Statements (VBA), multiple-line & single-line If-Then statements THE CERTIFICATION NAMES ARE THE TRADEMARKS OF THEIR RESPECTIVE OWNERS. The Webinar. Sub exemple() 'Si F5 est numérique If IsNumeric(Range("F5")) Then Dim nom As String, prenom As String, age As Integer, numeroLigne As Integer numeroLigne = Range("F5") + 1 'Si le numéro est dans la bonne plage … Suppose that you have a column full of numbers and you want to quickly highlight all the cells with negative values in red, you can do that using the below code. The same logic can be built in VBA using the If Then Else statement as well (and of course do a lot more than just highlighting grades). VB. One, if the expression is evaluated as true. But what if you want to show a message in both the cases, whether a student passed or failed the exam.