1–10) and 10 major generals of the staff: the Quartermaster General (Q.m.Gen. Authorized retirement for disability due to wounds received in battle at full rank of command held when wounded (. in the permanent establishment. The list of major generals before 1903 is taken principally from Heitman, pp. It remained the highest rank in the Marine Corps until January 20, 1942, when the rank held by the commandant was raised to lieutenant general. The Army National Guard rank system is the same as the Army's. Bell, pp. The following list of major generals includes all officers appointed to that rank in the line or staff of the Regular Army prior to July 1, 1920, including emergency major generals. The nine Civil War major generals of volunteers who lost but eventually regained the active-duty rank of major general were. Promoted to. Dana Born 7. [1], The number of Regular Army major generals increased dramatically when the Army was reorganized after World War I. A Major General is a general officer in the United States Army at DoD paygrade O-8. 132", "Act of January 11, 1812, ch. Major Generals exist primarily to serve as commanders of divisions (around 14000 soldiers). Scott was breveted lieutenant general in 1855 but continued to occupy the substantive grade of major general until he retired in 1861. For statutory definitions of "general officer of the line" and "general officer of the staff," see. It is equivalent to the rank of rear admiral in the other United States uniformed services which use naval ranks. [43], To unblock the promotion flow, Congress mandated in 1882 that officers must retire at age 64, but could retire sooner if they had at least forty years of service. mus; musician. An officer could vacate the active-duty rank of major general via death, retirement, promotion to a higher permanent grade, or reversion to a lower permanent grade upon relinquishing an office bearing the statutory rank of major general. Brevet major general, 13 Mar 1865. A Major General can only be appointed through a stringent process of nomination and review by … (1860–1927) Major general of volunteers, 7 Dec 1898–13 Apr 1899 and 5 Dec 1899–30 Jun 1901. The rank of major general was abolished in the U.S. Army by the Act of March 16, 1802,[11] and restored by the Act of January 11, 1812,[12] as preparations were being made for the War of 1812. [48], Major generals of the staff proliferated after 1912, when the Quartermaster Corps was created under a Quartermaster General bearing the temporary rank of major general. In the Army, Major Generals (MG) typically serve as division commanders (e.g., infantry divisions, cavalry division, etc. Promoted to, (1816–1870) Major general of volunteers, 25 Apr 1862–15 Dec 1864. (1836–1910) Major general of volunteers, 1 Apr 1865–1 Feb 1866. For Knox-Hamilton dispute, see Chernow, pp. Major General is the 25th rank in the United States Marine Corps, ranking above Brigadier General and directly below Lieutenant General. A major general typically commands division-sized units of 10,000 to 15,000 soldiers. Many of the most famous Union Army major generals had been appointed to that rank only in the volunteer service and did not achieve the equivalent grade in the Regular Army until years or decades later, if ever. Joseph F. Dunford, Jr. 20. Awarded, (1786–1866) Brevet major general, 25 Jul 1814; brevet lieutenant general, 29 Mar 1847. Major General is a two-star General Officer rank, and the highest permanent peacetime rank in the Army. Corbin. 31–33. Since the grade of major general is permanent, the rank does not expire when the officer vacates a two-star position. Wayne A. They receive their commission upon appointment by President of the United States by recommendation of the Secretary of the Army. 236–238. Promoted to major general on the retired list under Act of August 29, 1916, as a retired brigadier general and Civil War veteran who remained in the Army through the Spanish–American War and had either been recommended to be a major general of volunteers by the commanding general of the Army for commanding a brigade or higher in actual combat or commanded a brigade or higher in the Civil War. (1839–1925) Major general of volunteers, 21 Oct 1865–1 Sep 1866; senior major general commanding the Army with rank of lieutenant general, 6 Jun 1900–2 Feb 1901. Promoted one grade at retirement under Act of March 4, 1915 (b), as an officer detailed to the Isthmian Canal Commission in Panama for more than three years and not otherwise promoted by that Act. Brevet major general of volunteers, 19 Oct 1864; brevet major general, 13 Mar 1865. Scott C. Black 5. mw4; master warrant officer fourth class. This is a complete list of major generals in the United States Regular Army before July 1, … Major General John R. Evans, Jr. was commissioned in 1988 as a Distinguished Military Graduate from Appalachian State University. William G. Boykin 8. [37] When Brown died in 1828, the Army's two brigadier generals, Winfield Scott and Edmund P. Gaines, waged such a bitter public campaign for the vacant major generalcy that the President passed them both over in favor of Alexander Macomb. Brigadier Generals serve in the grade of O-8. Only one of the two line major general slots was ultimately filled; the other was declined by Henry Knox, who refused to be outranked by the designated inspector general, Alexander Hamilton, who had been junior to Knox in the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War. ), the Chief of Ordnance (C.of Ord. 557–560. Promoted to major general of the line under Act of July 12, 1918, as a chief of a staff corps or department with forty or more years of service. Bantz J. Craddock 16. Entries are indexed by the numerical order in which each officer was appointed to that rank while on active duty, or by an asterisk (*) if the officer did not serve in that rank while on active duty. Acts of March 3, 1815, and March 2, 1821. Awarded, (1784–1869) Promoted Brigadier General April 29, 1841, Breveted major general, 23 Feb 1847. The reorganization took effect on July 1, 1920.[2]. (1857–1928) National Army major general, 5 Aug 1917–7 Jan 1920. Major General has been a rank in the U.S. Army ever since. (1838–1909) Major general of volunteers, 4 May 1898–16 Jun 1900. Given that the U.S. Air Force evolved from its predecessors, the U.S. Army Air Service, the U.S. Army Air Corps and the U.S. Army Air Forces, the rank of major general in the Air Force coincides with its establishment as an independent service in 1947. [2], After the war the Army was reorganized and the new peacetime establishment was authorized 21 major generals of the line, more than doubling the previous number, plus 13 major generals of the staff, including the newly created Chiefs of Infantry, Cavalry, and Field Artillery. In January 1904, for example, a single vacant major generalcy hosted five officers in five days, each of the first four in turn being promoted and then retired after only one day in grade to clear the way for the next. The highest U.S. Army rank, five-star general of the… Read More Major general is the highest permanent peacetime rank in the uniformed services as higher ranks are technically temporary and linked to specific positions, although virtually all officers promoted to those ranks are approved to retire at their highest earned rank. The Chief of Coast Artillery became a major general of the staff in 1916. [34], After sixteen months in abeyance, the grade of major general was revived in 1798 when the Regular Army was expanded during the Quasi-War with France. Martin E. Dempsey 17. For Ainsworth dismissal, see Bell, pp. Daniel P. Bolger 6. When tensions eased, the Provisional Army was disbanded and the maximum Regular Army rank was again reduced to brigadier general. The rank of Major General was abolished in the U.S. Army by the Act of March 16, 1802 and restored by the Act of January 11, 1812 as preparations were being made for the War of 1812. The President was also authorized to temporarily augment the Regular Army with a Provisional Army, but it was never fully organized. Awarded, (1799–1858) Brevet major general, 23 Sep 1846. [10] It does not include officers who held that rank solely by brevet or in the non-permanent or non-federal establishment, such as major generals of militia or volunteers, major generals in the National Guard or National Army, or temporary major generals. master sergean sergeantt msgr; messenger. [50] In July 1918 an emergency major general was authorized for service abroad as Assistant Surgeon General with the American Expeditionary Force; Merritte W. Ireland was appointed, followed by Robert E. Noble when Ireland became Surgeon General later that year. Authorized Inspector General with rank of major general. Promoted to. Trudy Clark 14. A major general ranks above a brigadier general and below a lieutenant general. 40. [8] The President may nominate any eligible officer who is not on the recommended list if it serves in the interest of the nation, but this is uncommon. Awarded, (1830–1909) Major general of volunteers, 29 Nov 1862–1 Jan 1869. Tour length varies depending on the position, by statute, and/or when the officer receives a new assignment or a promotion, but the average tour length per two-star billet is two to four years. The first two major generals were Revolutionary War veterans Henry Dearborn and Thomas Pinckney. An officer held the permanent grade of major general (Maj.gen.) Acts of January 11, 1812, and February 24, 1813. Deputy Judge Advocate General of the Army, unless appointed for promotion or reappointed to grade to serve longer, General of the Armies of the United States, List of major generals in the United States Regular Army before July 1, 1920, List of United States military leaders by rank, United States Air Force officer rank insignia, United States Marine Corps officer rank insignia, 10 USC § 526. (Major General) (United States Army). Increased rank of Chief of Coast Artillery to major general. Vincent K. Brooks 9. Kevin P. Chilton 13. [46] In 1904 Corbin transferred to a line command but retained the office of Adjutant General and its associated rank. (1842–1920) Major general of volunteers, 4 May 1898–30 Nov 1898. A major general in the U.S. Air Force is the two-star general officer rank and right above brigadier general. Wayne died in December 1796 and the grade of major general was abolished three months later. Suspended promotions to major general until total reduced below three. U.S. Air Force and U.S. Space Force rank insignia of a major general. Only one member of the United States Air Force (then as the "United States Army Air Force") has ever held the rank of 5-star general as "General of the Air Force". Increased rank of Quartermaster General to major general. A Major General commands a division-sized unit of 10,000 to 15,000 soldiers. Francis B. Heitman. Many of the most famous major generals of the American Civil War held that rank only in the volunteer service, and reverted to a much lower permanent grade in the Regular Army when the volunteer force was disbanded after the war. Increased rank of senior major general of the line commanding the Army to lieutenant general. Historical Register and Dictionary of the United States Army. (1840–1924) Major general of volunteers, 8 Jul 1898–13 Apr 1899. U.S. Marine Corps rank insignia of a major general. (1867–1955) National Army major general, 26 Jun 1918–30 Apr 1920; general, 23 Feb 1929–20 Nov 1930; retired as. Eicher and Eicher, pp. For example, the Deputy Judge Advocate General of the Army[2] is a major general in the Army; the same rank is held by the Deputy Judge Advocate General of the Air Force;[3] the Army's Chief of Engineers[4] is also appointed as a major general and thereafter promoted to lieutenant general. The first major general in the Regular Army was Arthur St. Clair, who was appointed in 1791 to prosecute the Northwest Indian War. The Confederate States Army maintained a similar rank of major general, usually associated with the command of a division, while lieutenant generals often commanded corps and full generals led armies as a general convention. (emerg.)" ), and the Chief of the Bureau of Insular Affairs (C.of B.I.A.). 671", warrant officer and commissioned warrant officer, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Major_general_(United_States)&oldid=1001063478, Officer ranks of the United States Air Force, Officer ranks of the United States Space Force, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 18 January 2021, at 02:22. June 2019–June 2020, Commanding General, Special Operations Joint Task Force-Operation Inherent Resolve, Baghdad, as a major general FLIGHT INFORMATION Rating: command pilot Flight hours: more than 3,100 Aircraft flown: MH-60G, HH-60G, T-34C, C-12C, MV-22B and CV-22B MAJOR AWARDS AND DECORATIONS He would hold an O-8 officer's rank, near the top of the military pay scale. Officers appointed under this provision are listed in the Army Register (1936) as "gen. Promoted to, (1845–1912) Major general of volunteers, 13 Aug 1898–5 Feb 1901. It includes periods during which the officer served at a higher brevet or temporary rank without vacating a permanent grade of major general, but not periods during which the officer reverted to a lower permanent grade after serving as a major general of the staff. Major generals are highly ranked officers who have been selected by many different parties and individuals. [7] The President nominates officers to be promoted from this list with the advice of the Secretary of Defense, the service secretary, and if applicable, the service's chief of staff or commandant. [38], Scott remained the Army's senior officer during the Mexican War. It ranks just above Brigadier General and below Lieutenant General.During peacetime, it is the highest permanent rank. For background, see. There were three types of major generals in the Regular Army: Major generals in the non-permanent or non-federal establishments included the following: In addition, honorary brevet ranks of major general were conferred in several organizations in recognition of gallant wartime conduct.[9]. [41] Of the dozens of major generals of volunteers who lost their temporary ranks after the Civil War, only nine ever attained the permanent grade of major general in the Regular Army before they retired. For background, see. Acts of July 16, 1798; March 3, 1799; and March 16, 1802. For lists of major generals in the United States Volunteers, see Heitman or Eicher and Eicher. It may contain wrinkles, cracks, and possibly even tears due to its age and how it was handled before it got to us. A Major General receives a monthly basic pay salary starting at $11,000 per month, with raises up to $15,857 per month once they have served for over 34 years. Major General Evans previously served as the commander of the United States Army Special Operations Aviation Command (Airborne). The rank of major general was first established two days later on June 17, 1775 when two major generals were commissioned by Congress soon followed by two more major generals being appointed on June 19. Biographical notes include years of birth and death; dates of promotion to higher permanent grade; dates of brevet rank; dates of service as major general or higher in the staff or non-permanent establishment; and other unusual career events such as death in office or awards of the Medal of Honor, Thanks of Congress, Congressional Gold Medal, or Congressional Sword. This was a consequence of the fact that at his death Georg… All major generals must retire after five years in grade or 35 years of service, whichever is later, unless appointed for promotion or reappointed to grade to serve longer. Legislative history compiled from: Callan; Eicher and Eicher; the Army Register; List of major generals in the United States Regular Army before July 1, 1920, General of the Armies of the United States, List of United States Army four-star generals, List of lieutenant generals in the United States Army before 1960, List of brigadier generals in the United States Regular Army before February 2, 1901, Wood v. United States, 107 U.S. 414 (1883), "Too Many Generals, Prince Tells The House; Officers Have One Hand on the Flag and Other in the Treasury", "Merger Of Army Bureaus; Absorption of Adjutant General's Department Proposed by Senate", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_major_generals_in_the_United_States_Regular_Army_before_1_July_1920&oldid=993860237, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, (1761–1816) The act of March 3, 1799 provided for a, (1782–1841) Brevet major general, 11 Sep 1814. Major General John R. Evans, Jr was commissioned in 1988 as a Distinguished Military Graduate from Appalachian State University.Before arriving at Cadet Command, Major General Evans served as Commanding General, United States Army Special Operations Aviation Command (Airborne). After the disastrous Battle of the Wabash, St. Clair was replaced by Anthony Wayne, who successfully concluded the war in 1795. Because officers nearing the age limit could now conveniently select their exit dates to coincide with vacancies in higher grades, it became common to fill each vacancy with a parade of aging veterans who would each be promoted and immediately retired with the higher rank and retired pay, as a reward for past service. Authorized one additional major general, to be discharged at the end of the Mexican War. In certain situations, states can promote their Adjutant General to general officer ranks without Senate confirmation. Each entry lists an act of Congress, its citation in the United States Statutes at Large, the total number of active-duty major generals authorized subsequent to the act, the subsequent number of active-duty major generals of the line, the subsequent number of active-duty major generals of the staff, and a summary of the act's relevance. Each entry lists the officer's name; date of rank;[11] date the officer vacated the active-duty rank;[12] number of years on active duty as major general (Yrs);[13] and other biographical notes.[14]. Increased rank of chief of any staff corps, department, or bureau to major general. Authorized strength: general and flag officers on active duty, "Act of March 16, 1802, ch. [Note 1] The pay grade of major general is O-8. In his absence, the Adjutant General's Department was merged with the Record and Pension Office into a consolidated bureau headed by Fred C. Ainsworth, who was appointed Military Secretary with the rank of major general. Temporarily increased rank of Adjutant General to major general for term of present incumbent (. [40], When the volunteers were disbanded after the war, its Regular Army officers reverted to their permanent grades. Until the American Civil War, major general was the highest rank that could be attained by an officer in the U.S. Army, though Winfield Scott had been given the brevet rank of lieutenant general[13] in 1855. In the United States Army, United States Marine Corps, and United States Air Force, major general is a two-star general-officer rank, with the pay grade of O-8. It is abbreviated as MG in the Army, MajGen in the Marine Corps, and Maj Gen in the Air Force and Space Force. [5] This promotion board then generates a list of officers it recommends for promotion to general rank. ), the Inspector General (Insp.Gen. George W. Casey, Jr. 11. Died in office. Promoted to, (1842–1914) Major general of volunteers, 8 Jul 1898–13 Apr 1899 and 19 Jul 1900–4 Feb 1901. A Major General is a General Officer, with a military paygrade of O-8. This is a complete list of four-star generals in the United States Army, past and present.The … Promoted to major general on the retired list with pay of brigadier general on the retired list under Act of March 4, 1915 (a), as a retired brigadier general who served as major general of volunteers during actual warfare and who was a Civil War veteran. The Average Salary of a Major General in the US Army National Guard. Dates are taken from Heitman, the Army Register, Eicher and Eicher, or Marquis Who's Who. Wade (1976); Eicher and Eicher, pp. 9, 2 Stat. A Brigadier General is a commissioned officer in the United States Army. Following the disbanding of the Continental Army at the end of 1783 only one major general, Henry Knox, remained in service until his resignation in June 1784. Once confirmed, the nominee is promoted to that rank on assuming a position of office that requires an officer to hold the rank.