Auf Abbildungen ist sie mit einem Diadem dargestellt. He holds the first place in ritual invocations and prayers, in order to ensure the communication between the worshipper and the gods. , Other epithets of hers that were in use at Rome include Moneta and Caprotina, Tutula, Fluonia or Fluviona, Februalis, the last ones associated with the rites of purification and fertility of February.. This position is reflected on the Piacenza Liver by the situation of Uni in case IV, owing to a threefold location of Tinia in the first three cases that determines an equivalent shift. G. Radke above article Februa, Februata for the different forms of the epithet. She shared her anniversary day with Juppiter Fulgur, who had an altar nearby. Gagé traces back the phenomenon to the nature of the cult rendered to the Juno Regina of the Aventine in which Camillus played a role in person.  The spear could also be the celibataris hasta (bridal spear) that in the marriage ceremonies was used to comb the bridegroom's hair as a good omen.  See section below for details. when the community is in its direst straits, needs the intervention of a divine tutelary goddess, a divine queen, since the king (divine or human) has failed to appear or has fled. The Etruscans were a people who maintained extensive (if often conflicting) contacts with the other peoples of the Mediterranean: the Greeks, the Phoenicians, and the Carthaginians.  It seems fairly safe to assume that from the earliest times they were identified by their own proper names and since they got them they were never changed through the course of history: they were called Jupiter and Juno. Elliot Page spiller titelrollen som teenagepigen Juno MacGuff der bliver gravid. She is the great purifier, "she who puts the worshipper in the ritual, pure condition" (yaož dā). Juno offers a variety of Internet service options. There they seduced the Latins into fooling and drinking: after they had fallen asleep they stole their swords. Even though such a deity has a peculiar affinity for one function, generally fertility, i. e. the third, she is nevertheless equally competent in each of the three. On the 1st of the month, a black ox was sacrificed to Helernus, a minor underworld deity whom Dumézil takes as a god of vegetation related to the cult of Carna/Crane, a nymph who may be an image of Juno Sospita. Die Gleichsetzung geschah vermutlich unter etruskischem Einfluss.  The site of the temple as well as the presence of the snake show she was the tutelary goddess of the city, as Athena at Athens and Hera at Argos. Der Kult der Iuno gehört zu einem der ältesten und wichtigsten Italiens. The idea of purity and virginity is stressed in Ovid's description. Juno is certainly the divine protectress of the community, who shows both a sovereign and a fertility character, often associated with a military one. Integrated into iOS. This new quality is apparent in the location of her fanum, her name, her role: 1. her altar is located in the regia of Titus Tatius; 2. All festivals of Juno were held on the kalendae of a month except two (or, perhaps, three): the Nonae Caprotinae on the nonae of July, the festival of Juno Capitolina on September 13, because the date of these two was determined by the preeminence of Jupiter. Even more than other major Roman deities, Juno held a large number of significant and diverse epithets, names and titles representing various aspects and roles of the goddess. Her main festival, the Matronalia was held on 1st March.  Modern scholars are divided on the interpretation of J. Curiatius and J. Sororia. Capdeville "Les epithets cultelles de Janus" above p. 428. She is also attested at Praeneste, Aricia, Ardea, Gabii. Der Monatsname Juni leitet sich von Juno her. He's also a little on the awkward side.  It is mentioned several times by Livy in connexion with sacrifices offered in atonement of prodigia.  In the cults of this temple just like in those at the Ara maxima in Rome women were not allowed. These gods were the most ancient deities of every Latin town. their cleansing from the religious pollution contracted at war. Juno plumbed the Great Red Spot’s depths, showing that its roots are 200 miles (320 kilometers) deep — 50 to 100 times as deep as Earth’s oceans.  Also remarkable in this sense is the Fanum Iunonis of Malta (of the Hellenistic period) which has yielded dedicatory inscriptions to Astarte and Tanit.. The Juno Cealestis of Carthage Tanit was evoked according to Macrobius. In ancient Roman religion and myth, Janus (/ ˈ dʒ eɪ n ə s / JAY-nəs; Latin: IANVS (Iānus), pronounced ) is the god of beginnings, gates, transitions, time, duality, doorways, passages, frames, and endings. Juno Curitis had a temple on the Campus Martius. This festival had a legendary aetiology in a particularly delicate episode of Roman history and also recurs at (or shortly after) a particular time of the year, that of the so-called caprificatio when branches of wild fig trees were fastened to cultivated ones to promote insemination. …Cloud Services Juno Digital are a Microsoft Partner and we offer supported Microsoft licenses on flexible terms to our clients. Állítsd be kezdőlapnak te is! Essai sur la fonction sociale du louange et de la blâme et sur les elements indo-européens du cens romain", Livy V 2, 1-3; Dionysius XIII 3; Plutarch, A backformation hinting to the association of the three deities in a temple site before the founding of that of Iupiter Capitolinus. At Tibur and Falerii their sacerdos was a male, called pontifex sacrarius, a fact that has been seen as a proof of the relevance of the goddess to the whole society. Iuno (Juno) ősi itáliai, különösen római istennő, a szülés és a házasság istennője, Iuppiter felesége, akit utóbb a görög mitológiabeli Hérával azonosítottak, azonos szerepkörük miatt. Dedications on terracottas of the 4th-3rd century. Dumézil opines that the theologies of ancient Latium could have preserved a composite image of the goddess and this fact, notably her feature of being Regina, would in turn have rendered possible her interpretatio as Hera.  Even though no text links the cults of the Ara maxima with Juno Sospita, her temple, founded in 193 BC, was located in the Forum Holitorium near the Porta Carmentalis, one of the sites of the legend of Hercules in Rome. She bestowed on heroes the vigour by which they defeated their demonic adversaries. Ausführliches Lexikon der griechischen und römischen Mythologie, http://vorlage_digitalisat.test/1%3D~GB%3D~IA%3Dreligionundkult00wissgoog~MDZ%3D%0A~SZ%3Dn131~doppelseitig%3D~LT%3D~PUR%3D, Paulys Realencyclopädie der classischen Altertumswissenschaft, https://de.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Juno_(Mythologie)&oldid=203373381, Gottheit als Namensgeber für einen Asteroiden, Wikipedia:LCCN in Wikipedia fehlt, in Wikidata vorhanden, „Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike“. Radke. 2000-luvun lopulla hän on tullut soolouransa lisäksi tunnetuksi yhtyeissä … Only in her Avestic equivalent Anahita, the great mythic river, does she bear the same three valences explicitly: her Yašt states she is invoked by warriors, by clerics and by deliverers. Faced with an unplanned pregnancy, an offbeat young woman makes an unusual decision regarding the unborn child. All of our clients are now taking advantage of Microsoft 365 subscriptions to move critical collaborative services into the Cloud and successfully operate teams and … Continue reading "Welcome to Juno …  Her complete name too is threefold: The Wet (Arədvī), The Strong (Sūrā), The Immaculate (Anāhitā).  The Capitoline triad poses difficult interpretative problems. Before that time her Roman equivalent was Juno Moneta. The North Node, Jupiter and Juno conjoin in the sign of Aquarius. He agrees with Dumézil that we[who?] The historical episode narrated by ancient sources concerns the siege of Rome by the Latin peoples that followed the Gallic sack. Sie war das weibliche Gegenstück zum männlichen Genius. 27), and of course was also a Roman citizen (he had been tribune of the plebs in 57 BC), resided in Rome.  Renard thinks Dumézil's opposition to such a view is to be upheld: Bayet's words though did not deny the existence of local warlike Junos, but only imply that at a certain time they received the influence of the Heras of Lacinion and Sele, a fact that earned them the epithet of Argive and a Greek connotation. She is often shown armed and wearing a goatskin cloak. This fact reflects the strict association of the goddess with the beginning of each lunar month. Tutela indeed shows regal, military and protective traits, apart from the sexual ones.  At the nonae Caprotinae similarly Juno had the function of aiding and strengthening the moon as the nocturnal light, at the time when her force was supposed to be at its lowest, after the Summer solstice.  Nonetheless Augustine of Hippo had already stated that Juno was named Astarte in the Punic language, a notion that the discovery of the Pyrgi lamellae has proved correct. In her annual rites at Falerii youths and maiden clad in white bore in procession gifts to the goddess whose image was escorted by her priestesses. It was restored by Augustus. G. Dumézil above p. 171 : "It is not certain whether Thesan be a designation of Uni". It is conventionally thought that the month of January is named for Janus (), but according to ancient Roman farmers' almanacs Juno … With Jupiter and Minerva, she was a member of the Capitoline triad of deities traditionally introduced by the Etruscan kings. Manchmal wird auch die Tradition des Valentinstages auf einen ihrer Gedenktage zurückgeführt, bei dem ihr am 14. However both G. Wissowa and K. Latte allow that this ritual could have been adapted to fit theology of the Augustan restoration. , According to one interpretation of the Di Penates, Juno, along with Jupiter and Minerva, is one of the Penates of man. Her Temple on the summit of the Capitol was dedicated only in 348 BC by dictator L. Furius Camillus, presumably a son of the great Furius. The role of Iuno is at the crossing point of civil and natural life, expressing their interdependence. For other uses, see, Juno in Martianus Capella's division of Heaven, The ancient were divided on the etymology of Lucina: some connected the epithet with the word. It is a decisive factor in ensuring the safety of the community and the growth of crops. It’s customisable to your heart’s content (though the defaults are pretty good too) and has power features like multiple cursors, fuzzy file finding and Vim keybindings. J. Gagé dismisses these assumptions as groundless speculations as no Jupiter Rex is attested and in accord with Roe D'Albret stresses that at Rome no presence of a Juno Regina is mentioned before Marcus Furius Camillus, while she is attested in many Etruscan and Latin towns. In his relationship to the goddess he takes the place of the king of Veii. März. Camillus was devout to her and to Matuta, both matronal deities. This might imply that the prerepublican Juno was royal. CIL VI 358.  Renard citing Capdeville opines that the wisest choice is to adhere to tradition and consider the legend itself as the source of the epithets. Mater Matuta. His theory purports that while male gods incarnated one single function, there are female goddesses who make up a synthesis of the three functions, as a reflection of the ideal of woman's role in society. Festus calls him "a god endowed with the power of doing everything", then citing an Aufustius: "Genius is the son of the gods and the parent of men, from whom men receive life.  Many terracotta statuettes have been discovered which represent a woman with a child: one of them represents exactly the scene described by Cicero of a woman with two children of different sex who touch her breast. Iuno Caelestis is thence in turn assimilated to Ops and Greek Rhea. Juno er ikke i tvivl om, at hun ikke er klar til at blive mor og heller ikke ønsker at abortere. Modern scholars have proposed the town of Currium or Curria, Quirinus, *quir(i)s or *quiru, the Sabine word for spear and curia. In der an- deren Hand hält sie eine Opferschale.  This theme shows a connexion with the fundamental theological character of Iuno, that of incarnating vital force: virginity is the condition of unspoilt, unspent vital energy that can ensure communion with nature and its rhythm, symbolised in the fire of Vesta. Since the release of the popular indie film Juno, this lively but strong o-ending Roman goddess name has become more and more prominent as a potential baby name — Coldplay's Will Champion chose Juno for one of his twins (whose brother is the kingly Rex). Juno through the Signs, The Asteroid of Soulmates, marriage, commitment, love and jealousy . On that day the Roman free and slave women picnicked and had fun together near the site of the wild fig (caprificus): the custom implied runs, mock battles with fists and stones, obscene language and finally the sacrifice of a male goat to Juno Caprotina under a wildfig tree and with the using of its lymph.  The Juno of this day bears the epithet of Februalis, Februata, Februa. Ihr heiliges Tier war die Gans, weshalb bei ihrem Tempel auf dem Kapitol Gänse gehalten wurden.  Renard's theory has been rejected by G. Capdeville as not being in accord with the level of sovereign gods in Dumézil's trifunctional structure. Festus's quotation goes on saying: "Other think he is the special god of every place", a notion that reflects a different idea. In dieser Funktion als Genius konnte sie gelegentlich auch als Schutzgöttin einer Prostituierten fungieren.. In both towns she was known as Curitis, the spearholder, an armed protectress. High-voltage electrical charges contribute to the formation of auroras at Jupiter’s poles, just as they do on Earth. Juno is the equivalent to Hera, the Greek goddess for love and marriage. The persistence of a female presence in her cult through the centuries down to the lectisternium of 217 BC, when the matronae collected money for the service, and to the times of Augustus during the ludi saeculares in the sacrifices to Capitoline Juno are proof of the resilience of this foreign tradition. The last of her yearly festivals was that of Juno Sospita on February 1. Its probable site according to Platner is just south of the porticus Pompeiana on the west end of circus Flaminius.. The meaning of Juno is "The goddess Juno" and "Possibly means youth".Its origin is "Roman, Latin".Recently this name is mostly being used as a unisex name, but historically it's a girl's name. The alliance of the three aspects of Juno finds a strictly related parallel to the Lupercalia in the festival of the Nonae Caprotinae. Juno in Astrology . ", Mythographi Romani III 3; Paulus ex Festo s.v. Dumézil thinks the third, military, aspect of Juno is reflected in Juno Curitis and Moneta. Under this epithet Juno is attested in many places, notably at Falerii and Tibur. , Ancient etymologies associated the epithet with Cures, with the Sabine word for spear curis, with currus cart, with Quirites, with the curiae, as king Titus Tatius dedicated a table to Juno in every curia, that Dionysius still saw.. Juno war die Schirmherrin der Stadt Rom, wurde auf dem Kapitol verehrt, was auch im Rahmen der Kapitolinischen Trias geschah.  She is remembered in De Mulieribus Claris, a collection of biographies of historical and mythological women by the Florentine author Giovanni Boccaccio, composed in 1361–62. As for the etymology Cicero gives the verb monēre warn, hence the Warner. She is then the patroness of the young soldiers and of brides.. Juno er en amerikansk dramakomediefilm fra 2007 instrueret af Jason Reitman og med manuskript af Diablo Cody. Palmer thinks she is to be identified with Juno Populona of later inscriptions, a political and military poliadic (guardian) deity who had in fact a place in the Capitoline temple and was intended to represent the Regina of the king. However, other epithets of Juno have wider implications and are less thematically linked. The cults of the Italic Junos reflected remarkable theological complexes: regality, military protection and fertility. Epigraph. The Greek assimilation would reflect this process as not direct but subsequent to a process of distinction. Also perhaps a cultic term or even, as in her temple were kept the Libri Lintei, monere would thence have the meaning of recording: Livius Andronicus identifies her as Mnemosyne.  The hunt of the goat by stonethrowing at Falerii is described in Ovid Amores III 13, 16 ff. Virginity is connected to regality: the existence and welfare of the community was protected by virgin goddesses or the virgin attendants of a goddess. This was the case in Rome and at Tusculum where a cult of Juno Lucina and Hercules was known.  This view is ascribed by Macrobius to the mystic religion of Samothrace, imported to Rome by Tarquinius Priscus, himself an initiate, who thereby created the Roman Capitoline Triad. Moneta is, from monere, the Adviser: like Egeria with Numa (Tatius's son in law) she is associated to a Sabine king; 3. Cf. , In region XIV is located Juno Caelestis along with Saturn. But in essence there is unity between fertility, regality and purification. Juno is the god by whom man gets his body. Iunones) wurde auch der persönliche Schutzgeist einer Frau genannt.  It was connected by a porch with a temple of Fortuna, perhaps that of Fortuna Equestris. P. Drossart "Nonae caprotinae: la fausse capture des Aurores" in, A description of Juno Sespeis's attire is given in Cicero, E. Bickel "Beiträge zur Römische Religionsgeshichte. A statue was made representing Juno, the bride, as a young girl on her wedding day. The sign of Aquarius can produce sudden attractions, and intense love at 1st sight attractions. Juno accounts include e-mail, webmail, instant messaging compatibility.  By decree of the senate consul L. Iulius Caesar ordered its restoration. Iuno (pl. Dumézil in his Archaic Roman Religion had been unable to interpret the myth underlying this legendary event, later though he accepted the interpretation given by P. Drossart and published it in his Fêtes romaines d'été et d'automne, suivi par dix questions romaines in 1975 as Question IX. R. Bloch "Hera, Uni, Junon en Italie Centrale" p. 18, The division of Heaven into sixteen parts is ascribed to the, S. Weinstock "Martianus Capella and the Cosmic System of the Etruscans" in, G. Capdeville "Les dieux de Martianus Capella" in. The day of the dedication and of her festival was September 1. Excavations in Largo di Torre Argentina have revealed four temple structures, one of whom (temple D or A) could be the temple of Juno Curitis. Palmer and Harmon consider it to be the natural vital force of youthfulness, Latte women's fecundity. In Dionysius of Halicarnassus the altar-tables of the curiae are consecrated to Juno Curitis to justify the false etymology of Curitis from curiae: the tables would assure the presence of the tutelary numen of the king as an adviser within each curia, as the epithet itself implies.  As Servius Tullius ordered the gifts for the newborn to be placed in the treasury of the temple though it looks that another shrine stood there before 375 BC. , The role of the two gods at the kalendae of every month is that of presiding over the birth of the new moon. Szülei Saturnus és Ops voltak. Many occurred during the presence of Hannibal in Italy. Marcel Renard for his part considers her an ancient Roman figure since the title of the Veian Juno expresses a cultic reality that is close to and indeed presupposes the existence at Rome of an analogous character: as a rule it is the presence of an original local figure that may allow the introduction of the new one through evocatio. Dumézil has shown in his Les Horaces et les Curiaces that this story is in fact the historical transcription of rites of reintegration into civil life of the young warriors, in the myth symbolised by the hero, freed from their furor (wrath), indispensable at war but dangerous in social life. Though in hymns and rites her threefold nature is never expressed conjointly (except in Ṛg Veda VI 61, 12:: triṣadásthā having three seats). , Magna Graecia and Lanuvium mixed their influence in the formation of the Roman Hercules and perhaps there was a Sabine element too as is testified by Varro, supported by the find of the sanctuary of Hercules Curinus at Sulmona and by the existence of a Juno Curitis in Latium. Among ancient sources indeed Servius states that according to the Etrusca Disciplina towns should have the three temples of Jupiter, Juno and Minerva at the end of three roads leading to three gates.  On the same day, Juno's dies natalis ("birthday") as Juno Sospita was celebrated at her Palatine temple. Mil.  Among other roles that Juno and Hercules share there is the protection of the newborn. After this was the festival of the Nonae Caprotinae ("The Nones of the Wild Fig") held on July 7. In book II of his Fasti, Ovid derives the month's name from februae (expiations); lustrations designed to remove spiritual contamination or ritual pollution accumulated in the previous year. The rites of the kalendae included the invocations to Juno Covella, giving the number of days to the nonae, a sacrifice to Janus by the rex sacrorum and the pontifex minor at the curia Calabra and one to Juno by the regina sacrorum in the Regia: originally when the month was still lunar the pontifex minor had the task of signalling the appearance of the new moon. Ephemer. In Greek mythology, under the name Hera (Juno), she was known to be a loyal spouse unlike her husband Zeus (Jupiter). Another temple stood near the circus Flaminius, vowed by consul Marcus Aemilius Lepidus in 187 BC during the war against the Ligures and dedicated by himself as censor in 179 on December 23. Janus would then be the patron of the feria as god of transitions, Juno for her affinities to Janus, especially on the day of the kalendae. Capdeville admits of being unable to explain the collocation of Juno Caelestis among the underworld gods, which looks to be determined mainly by her condition as spouse of Saturn.. Cf. These original characters would have led to the formation of the complex theology of Juno as a sovereign and an armed tutelary deity. R. Maurenbrecher's reading, (after Schilling, above): "1.Divom patrem canite, divom deum supplicate; 2.Patulci cosmis. To his Etruscan founders the meaning of this triad might have been related to peculiarly Etruscan ideas on the association of the three gods with the birth of Herakles and the siege of Troy, in which Minerva plays a decisive role as a goddess of destiny along with the sovereign couple Uni Tinia.. Auch Abbildungen Junos, auf denen sie Getreideähren trägt, kommen vor. Hence the customary battles under the wild figs, the scurrilous language that bring together the second and third function.  Martianus Capella states she must be invoked by those who are involved in war. Ovid's Metamorphoses offers a story accounting for her sacred association with the peacock.  In the past it has also been argued that goddess Juno herself would be the issue of a process of abstraction from the individual junos of every woman. Iuno ist die weibliche Macht des Himmels und des himmlischen Lichtes, des neu erscheinenden Mondes, zugleich Geburtsgöttin und weibliche Göttin schlechtin. It is thence comparable with the theonyms found in the sixteen cases of the outer rim of the Piacenza Liver. Schilling above p. 97; G. Capdeville "Les epithets cultuelles de Janus" in, For other interpretations cf. , A temple (aedes) of Juno Lucina was built in 375 BC in the grove sacred to the goddess from early times. Actions: Bleeker doesn't  The motif of the snake of the palace as guardian goddess of the city is shared by Iuno Seispes with Athena, as well as its periodic feeding. Juno (English: /ˈdʒuːnoʊ/ JOO-noh; Latin: IVNO, Iūnō [ˈjuːnoː]) is an ancient Roman goddess, the protector and special counsellor of the state.  This is the only instance of evocatio recorded by the annalistic tradition. Music. Juno definition, the ancient Roman queen of heaven, a daughter of Saturn and the wife and sister of Jupiter: the protector of women and marriage. Attribut Junos ist der Pfau, vor allem in barocken Allegorien der Liebe und der Schönheit. , Februlis oversees the secundament of the placenta and is strictly associated to Fluvonia, Fluonia, goddess who retains the blood inside the body during pregnancy.  This seems to hint to a significance of the Genius as the propagative spirit of the gens, of whom every human individual is an incarnation: Censorinus states: "Genius is the god under whose tutelage everyone is born and lives on", and that "many ancient authors, among whom Granius Flaccus in his De Indigitamentis, maintain that he is one and the same with the Lar", meaning the Lar Familiaris. The Latin Junos certainly possessed a marked warlike character (at Lanuvium, Falerii, Tibur, Rome). Außerhalb Roms gab es bedeutende Juno-Kulte u. a. in Teanum Sidicinum, Aesernia, Lanuvium, Gabii, Veii und Perusia. , At Laurentum she was known as Kalendaris Iuno and was honoured as such ritually at the kalendae of each month from March to December, i.e. On this point it looks remarkable that also in Martianus Capella's division of Heaven a Juno Hospitae Genius is mentioned in region IX, and not a Juno: the sex of this Genius is feminine. The rite was aimed at ensuring agricultural fertility.  The contradiction would put Fortuna both at the origin of time and into its ensuing diachronic process: it is the comparison offered by Vedic deity Aditi, the Not-Bound or Enemy of Bondage, that shows that there is no question of choosing one of the two apparent options: as the mother of the Aditya she has the same type of relationship with one of his sons, Dakṣa, the minor sovereign who represents the Creative Energy, being at the same time his mother and daughter, as is true for the whole group of sovereign gods to which she belongs.. Juno's own warlike aspect among the Romans is apparent in her attire. Ancient etymologies associated Juno's name with iuvare, "to aid, benefit", and iuvenescere, "rejuvenate", sometimes connecting it to the renewal of the new and waxing moon, perhaps implying the idea of a moon goddess.. He is usually depicted as having two faces.  She bestows on females an easy delivery and timely milking.  His other epithet Consivius hints to his role in the generative function. She orbits the Sun every 4.36 years in an elliptical orbit that covers the depth of the asteroid belt and is inclined to the ecliptic by 13 degrees.  Hence her flamen was chosen by the highest local magistrate, the dictator, and since 388 BC the Roman consuls were required to offer sacrifices to her. The name Juno was also once thought to be connected to Iove (Jove), originally as Diuno and Diove from *Diovona. Thence is he named my genius, because he begot me". A temple to Iuno Sospita was vowed by consul Gaius Cornelius Cethegus in 197 BC and dedicated in 194. The exclusion of one sex is a characteristic practice in the cults of deities of fertility. Janus as gatekeeper of the gates connecting Heaven and Earth and guardian of all passages is particularly related to time and motion. As Juno Sespeis of Lanuvium Juno Caprotina is a warrior, a fertiliser and a sovereign protectress.  The only ancient source who refers to the presence of this divine triad in Greece is Pausanias X 5, 1–2, who mentions its existence in describing the Φωκικόν in Phocis. When he brought Juno Regina from Veii the Roman women were already acquainted with many Junos, while the ancient rites of Fortuna were falling off. Physically this consisted of a beam spanning the space over two posts. The occasion of the feria, shortly after the poplifugia, i.e.  Her sanctuary was famous, rich and powerful.  William Shakespeare briefly employs Juno as a masque character in The Tempest (Act IV, Scene I). These rites took place in October, the month that at Rome saw the celebration of the end of the yearly military activity. Juno was connected with all aspects of the life of women, most particularly married life. In five Latin towns a month was named after Juno (Aricia, Lanuvium, Laurentum, Praeneste, Tibur). In 190 BC the temple was struck by lightning, its gable and doors injured.  Most scholars view the fact as an initiation, i.e. L. A. Mac Kay considers the goddess more ancient than her etymology on the testimony of Valerius Maximus who states she was the Juno of Veii. Ultimately this statue of Juno was brought to Rome and placed in the sanctuary of Jupiter Optimus Maximus on the Capitoline Hill. This Roman Goddess had a more warlike nature than Hera and was often depicted in a goat skin coat that was favoured among Roman soldiers. On this day, lambs and cattle were sacrificed in her honor in the temple of her sacred grove on the Cispius.  However D. P. Harmon has remarked that the meaning of Seispes cannot be seen as limited to the warrior aspect, as it implies a more complex, comprehensive function, i. e. of Saviour.. Iuuen- is related to Latin aevum and Greek aion (αιών) through a common Indo-European root referring t… By continuing to …  A goat was sacrificed and its hide cut into strips, used to make whips known as februum and amiculus Iunonis, wielded by the Luperci. , The relationship between Uni and the Phoenician goddess Astarte has been brought to light by the discovery of the Pyrgi Tablets in 1964. Sarasvati as river goddess is first a goddess of the third function, of vitality and fertility associated to the deities of the third function as the Aśvin and of propagation as Sinīvalī. The first mention of a Capitoline triad refers to the Capitolium Vetus. Juno is a main belt asteroid discovered by German astronomer, Karl Ludwig Harding, on March 29, 1807.